Orthopedics

Understanding Scaphoid Fractures

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 30 October 2014

The scaphoid is one of eight bones that form the complex part of the human body we know as the wrist. It is also the bone in the wrist that is most often injured, especially among athletes. Though not always easily noticed, a scaphoid fracture can have serious long-term consequences if not properly treated.

Tags wrist injuries, Scaphoid, wrist fracture

Osteoarthritis Hip Pain: Symptoms and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 30 October 2014

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is also termed as ‘degenerative joint disorder’ or age related arthritis, as it develops when people age. The cartilage functions as shock absorbers that gives a cushion effect to the end of the bones and prevents the bones from directly rubbing against each other, thereby reducing the friction within joints.

Tags osteoarthritis, Hip Pain

Gout - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 23 October 2014

 

Excruciating pain can come to patients fighting gout. Gout is a condition that occurs when uric acid accumulates in the blood and leads to inflammation in one or more joints. Pain from gout can be severe enough to wake you in the middle of the night.

What Causes Gout

High levels of uric acid have been pinpointed as the cause of gout, and individuals accumulate such levels usually after they have consumed considerable amounts of purines.

Purines are substances naturally found in the body, but certain animal parts, such as organ meats, contain higher concentrations of these. Herring, anchovies, and a few other types of fish also have high purine content. This is likewise true of mushrooms, asparagus, and a number of other non-animal foods.

The body produces uric acid as it breaks down the purine that has been consumed. The uric acid produced is normally dissolved in the blood and, when it goes through the kidneys, it should then be secreted in urine.

However, when the kidneys do not secrete enough uric acid, or the body produces too much of it, uric acid can build up and form urate crystals in the joints or the tissues surrounding it. This causes inflammation, swelling, and pain.

Tags gout

Osteoarthritis Hip Pain: Symptoms and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 30 September 2014

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is also termed as ‘degenerative joint disorder’ or age related arthritis, as it develops when people age. The cartilage functions as ‘shock absorbers’ that gives a cushion effect to the end of the bones and prevents the bones from directly rubbing against each other, thereby reducing the friction within joints.

Tags osteoarthritis, Hip Pain

IBJI Kicks Off Bone & Joint Health National Awareness Month

Posted in What's New, Orthopedic News, Orthopedics, Move Better Blog on Sunday, 28 September 2014

It’s an exciting time of year when we join in celebrating Bone & Joint Health National Awareness Month during the month of October - an annual global event.

Throughout the world, there are events planned by individuals and organizations, all designed to raise awareness of prevention, disease management, treatments and advances in several areas of bone and joint health. Here at the Illinois Bone & Joint Institute, we will take the opportunity throughout the month to highlight several key areas of bone and joint disorders affecting millions of people including arthritis, spinal health, trauma injuries, pediatric bone and joint health, and osteoporosis, among others.

Nearly half of the adult population in America is affected by musculoskeletal (bone and joint) conditions and these conditions are the most widespread cause of severe long-term pain and disability. Even with the large number of people affected, research funding for bone and joint conditions is currently less than 2% of the National Institutes of Health annual budget, according to the Bone and Joint Initiative. In addition, the aging boomer generation - which consists of people aged 45 to 64 - has seen a sharp increase in musculoskeletal disease treatment costs and lost wages, a trend that is predicted to continue for the next several decades.

Bone & Joint Health National Awareness Month is an important event that allows IBJI to help further educate and empower our patients in taking an active role in their decisions of care and treatment. Bone and joints, along with muscles and ligaments, create function and movement in the body. When they work together in a state of health, it allows for a quality of life that is active and healthy!

Look to our future posts as we take an in-depth look at key bone and joint health issues and the treatment and prevention associated with each.

 


Gout - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 23 September 2014

What Causes Gout

High levels of uric acid have been pinpointed as the cause of gout, and individuals accumulate such levels usually after they have consumed considerable amounts of purines.

Purines are substances naturally found in the body, but certain animal parts, such as organ meats, contain higher concentrations of these. Herring, anchovies, and a few other types of fish also have high purine content. This is likewise true of mushrooms, asparagus, and a number of other non-animal foods.

The body produces uric acid as it breaks down the purine that has been consumed. The uric acid produced is normally dissolved in the blood and, when it goes through the kidneys, it should then be secreted in urine.

 

 

However, when the kidneys do not secrete enough uric acid, or the body produces too much of it, uric acid can build up and form urate crystals in the joints or the tissues surrounding it. This causes inflammation, swelling, and pain.

Symptoms That Tell You It Is Gout

Gout symptoms can vary from individual to individual; sometimes gout can appear as small nodules called tophi in the hands and elbows. Sometimes the fluid sacs or bursae that cushion the joints become inflamed, giving rise to a condition called bursitis. Generally, these are the symptoms that accompany gout:

• Swelling of the joints
• Reddening of the skin around the affected joint
• Throbbing and sometimes excruciating pain around the affected joint
• Sharp pain when the joint is moved
• Limited movement because of the inflamed joint
• Pain quite often starts in the big toe, the ankles, or the knees

If you have these symptoms it may be tempting to assume that you have gout, but it is important to take note that there are other diseases that have similar symptoms. The best way to find out if you have gout is to consult your physician.


Gout Treatments

A physician will likely offer pain medication as well as medication to eliminate the excess uric acid causing the gout. This medication will help reduce uric acid levels to normal or as near normal as possible. Quite often, this medication is part of long term treatment. 
 

Get Help at IBJI

If you are suffering from any of the aforementioned symptoms, contact an IBJI orthopedic physician today for expert care. 

Tags gout

What Causes Osteomyelitis?

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 09 September 2014

Osteomyelitis is a bone infection that is normally caused by bacteria. It is seen most frequently in children and typically affects the long leg bones, the long arm, and vertebrae. The bacterial infection may enter the body through a skin cut or an infection somewhere else in the body. When diagnosed early, osteomyelitis can successfully be treated with antibiotics, however if not diagnosed in time it can lead to more serious complications.


Meniscus Tears – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 28 August 2014

One of the most common knee injuries is a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a c-shaped disc that cushions and stabilizes the bones of the knee. There are two menisci lying opposite each other on the inside and the outside of the joint. Tears can be caused by a number of issues, and are more likely as we age. Meniscus tears range from a minor, short-term inconvenience to a serious injury that requires significant recuperation and physical therapy or even surgery. 


Hip Fracture Symptoms and Recovery

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 12 August 2014

hip fracture

Hip Fracture Symptoms, Treatment and Recovery

A hip fracture is a serious injury that can affect an individual's life in a variety of ways. When a hip is broken, the fracture typically occurs near where the thighbone fits into the hip joint. This can be caused by a variety of reasons and can present with several telling symptoms. Treatment of a hip fracture is a long process that includes several intricate steps. For many, fracturing a hip can mean a significant change in lifestyle moving forward.

Tags , Hip Fracture

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 29 July 2014

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis - back pain

When many people think of arthritis, they think of a condition that affects older patients. While it is true that many forms of arthritis affect seniors due to overuse or other long-lasting medical conditions. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) only affects children under the age of 16 that are experiencing a specific set of symptoms. Here is a closer look at the signs, symptoms, causes, and treatment options for JIA.

Tags juvenile idiopathic arthritis

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