Arthritis in Knee: 4 Stages of Osteoarthritis

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 28 January 2016

Doctor and patient with knee pain


What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most commonly diagnosed type of joint arthritis disease, which can affect hands, knees and hips. Knee arthritis is known to affect joint functionality causing knee pain and even leading to disability as it progresses. There are different stages of knee osteoarthritis, with 0 assigned to a normal, healthy knee right up to the advanced stage 4 that is severe OA.

Is Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease Causing Your Neck Pain?

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 07 January 2016

As a natural part of aging, our vertebral discs dry out and lose their flexibility, resilience and shock absorbing capacity. This dehydration and shrinkage of the center of the disc can quickly lead to degeneration of the cervical discs causing pain and stiffness.

Tags degenerative disc disease, neck pain, Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease

Bone Grafting: Bone Grafts and Substitutes

Posted in Orthopedics on Tuesday, 08 December 2015

Bone grafting is a common orthopedic procedure to promote bone healing, by providing a foundation for the patient’s body to grow new bone, and for structural support to the skeleton, by filling large gaps between bones. Bone grafting is required mainly due to injury and disease, in case of complex fractures, for spinal fusions, regeneration of bone lost to disease or infection (eg, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis) and for bone healing around implants, such as plates, screws, and joint replacements.

Tags bone grafting

Did You Know? 8 Interesting Facts About Bones

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 19 November 2015

The skeletal system in the human body is made of bones, tendons and ligaments, all of which are necessary for our body structure, movement and to protect our internal organs. We usually tend to take our bones for granted until one is injured, broken or they become brittle from old age. Here are few interesting facts regarding bones.

Tags bone, osteoporosis

Different Types of Shoulder Arthritis and Symptoms

Posted in Orthopedics on Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Arthritis generally describes joint inflammation either from direct trauma injuries, medical illnesses, or regular wear and tear of an active lifestyle. There are over 100 variations of arthritis which can affect an individual in different parts of the body, and the shoulder is susceptible to different types of arthritis.

Although there are different types of arthritis of the shoulder, they all have some common symptoms such as joint pain in the shoulder, swelling and with time it will eventually limit range of movement.

Here are five distinctive forms of shoulder arthritis:

Tags osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Post-Traumatic Arthritis, Avascular Necrosis, Arthropathy

Spinal Problems That May Cause Foot Pain

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 15 October 2015

Foot pain is more often a result of injury, wearing ill-fitting shoes or physical issues within the foot, such as tendonitis, arthritis or bursitis. However, in some cases pain in your foot may be linked to problems in your spine. There are some revealing signs of foot pain caused by a problem in your spine, such as your foot feeling heavy, difficulty raising your foot up, leg pain, numbness, weakness and problem walking on your tiptoes.

Studies have shown that spinal dysfunction, like a narrowing of the spinal canal or spinal stenosis, pinches and squeezes on the spinal nerves in your lower back causing leg pain that radiates down to your feet.

Tags herniated discs, spinal stenosis, back pain

Bulging Disc Injury Recovery: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 24 September 2015

A bulging disc or slipped disc is a common spinal column injury in the intervertebral disc due to neck/ back trauma or age related injury. It can occur in your lumbar spine (lower back), thoracic spine (upper and mid-back) or your cervical spine (neck). The intervertebral disc is weakened so much that it protrudes into the spinal canal either in the neck referred to as a cervical bulging disc, mid-back known as thoracic bulging disc or lower back identified as lumbar bulging disc. The bulge pinches nerve roots along the spinal cord to put additional pressure on the surrounding nerve tissue. Along with back pain and spasms, the signs you should watch out for are tingling and numbness that spread along the upper and lower extremities.

Tags neck pain, Bulging Disc , back pain

5 Common Causes Of A Stiff Neck

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 17 September 2015

A stiff neck may last a few days or even weeks but it usually heals quickly because of the durability of the cervical spine. Sometimes, something as simple as sleeping wrong can cause a stiff neck and occasionally a stiff neck can have more serious implications.  

These are the usual culprits that can lead to a stiff neck:

Tags neck pain

10 Common Causes of Hip Pain and When to Seek Treatment

Posted in Orthopedics on Thursday, 10 September 2015

Without a fully functional hipbone, you would not be able to stand, walk, run or dance. So, when you suffer from chronic hip pain and certain day-to-day activities suddenly become troublesome, it can feel as if your entire life is being put on hold.

The ball-and-socket hip joint fits together in a way that allows for fluid, repeated motion and a fair amount of wear and tear. Whenever you use the hip (for example, by going for a run), a cushion of cartilage helps prevent friction as the hip bone moves in its socket. The hip joint isn't indestructible. With age and use, the cartilage can wear down or become damaged. Muscles and tendons in the hip can get overused. The hip bone itself can be fractured during a fall or other injury. All of the above can cause hip pain.

Symptoms of Hip Pain                                                  

Depending on the condition that's causing your hip pain, you might feel the discomfort in your:

  • Thigh
  • Inside or outside of the hip joint
  • Groin
  • Buttocks

Sometimes pain from other areas of the body, such as the back or groin can radiate to the hip. You might notice that your pain gets worse with activity, especially if it's caused by arthritis. Along with the pain, you might have reduced range of motion. Some people develop a limp from persistent hip pain.

Tags Hip Pain

What Marathon Runners Can Teach the Rest of Us

Posted in Orthopedics, Move Better Blog on Wednesday, 09 September 2015

IBJI sports medicine physicians

The Chicago Marathon is fast approaching, and while most of us are spectators rather than participants, there’s a lot we can learn from those amazing runners. Their commitment to the sport, their focus on the goal, the training they undergo—all add up to a winning formula that can turn beginners into winners, no matter what the sport. Here are some tips to consider:

Plan the work and work the plan. Every marathoner develops a training plan—a running schedule (including times, distances, speeds, etc.) and a set of activities that spans weeks and months, creating a structured workout schedule. The lesson for us: Set the goal, then create a plan to achieve it.

Start slowly. And pace yourself. There are no shortcuts—you won’t get to the finish line faster by working your body too hard or too long when you’re just beginning. And that’s even true on marathon day. When Catherine Ndereba set a world record at the 2001 Chicago she eased into it by running the first 5-K at just over a 5:40-per-mile pace. Then she picked up speed and went on to average about 5:20 per mile for the overall race. The lesson for us: You won’t win by cramming for the test—you need to do the work.

Friends make it fun. Many marathon runners are part of a running club where they work together and commit to a common goal. The lesson for us: You’ll be less tempted to sleep in if your workout partner is waiting for you at the gym.

Take care of your body. One reason marathoners train so diligently is to make sure their body is in peak condition come race day. Seasoned athletes know themselves and their bodies well enough to know when they need to seek advice about an issue that has arisen. The lesson for us: the only way to get back in the game if you’ve been injured is to get the right care.

The sports medicine physicians at IBJI understand your pain. Whether you’ve suffered an injury or have simply overused a muscle or a joint, they will diagnose your condition and get you the right combination of rehabilitation, medication, or surgery to get you back up to speed.

Best wishes for a great finish to the athletes running the Chicago Marathon on Sunday, October 11, 2015 from all of us at the Illinois Bone and Joint Institute!

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