Common shoulder pain and injuries are frequently caused by athletic activities involving excessive repetitive overhead motion. They can be the result of constant weightlifting and everyday movement, such as hanging up curtains and scratching your back. Most shoulder injuries involve the muscles, ligaments and tendons, rather than the bones.
The following are common problems associated with shoulder pain and injury:
Instability – Instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can result from a sudden injury or from overuse.
Arthritis – The most common type of arthritis in the shoulder is osteoarthritis.
Other less common causes of shoulder pain are tumors, infections, and nerve-related problems.
Exercising your shoulders will help strengthen your muscles to help prevent further injury. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommends these three exercises:
Basic shoulder strengthening
Attach elastic tubing to a doorknob. Gently pull the elastic tubing toward your body. Hold for a count of five. Repeat five times with each arm. Perform twice a day.
Stand facing a wall with your hands on the wall and your feet shoulder-width apart. Slowly perform a push-up. Repeat five times. Hold for a count of five. Perform twice a day.
Sit upright in a chair with armrest, with your feet touching the floor. Use your arms to slowly rise off the chair. Hold for a count of five. Repeat five times. Perform twice a day.
If you are experiencing shoulder pain, contact an orthopedic shoulder specialist to determine the cause and receive an individual treatment plan.
Kelsey Koziel is a Marketing Communications and Relations Specialist at Illinois Bone & Joint Institute.