Adam C. Young, MD
Alan C. League, MD
Albert Knuth, MD
Alejandra Rodriguez-Paez, MD
Alexander E. Michalow, MD
Alexander Gordon, MD
Alexander J. Tauchen, MD
Alexander M. Crespo, MD
Alfonso Bello, MD
Ami Kothari, MD
Amy Jo Ptaszek, MD
Anand Vora, MD
Andrea S. Kramer, MD
Andrew J. Riff, MD
Angela R. Crowley, MD
Angelo Savino, MD
Anthony Savino, MD
Anuj S. Puppala, MD
Ari Kaz, MD
Ashraf H. Darwish, MD
Ashraf Hasan, MD
Bradley Dworsky, MD
Brian Clay, MD
Brian J. Burgess, DPM
Brian R. McCall, MD
Brian Schwartz, MD
Brian Weatherford, MD
Brooke Vanderby, MD
Bruce E. Noxon, DPM, FACFAS, FAPWCA
Bruce Summerville, MD
Bryan Waxman, MD
Bryant S. Ho, MD
Carey E. Ellis, MD
Carla Gamez, DPM
Cary R. Templin, MD
Charles L. Lettvin, MD
Charles M. Lieder, DO
Chinyoung Park, MD
Christ Pavlatos, MD
Christian Skjong, MD
Christopher C. Mahr, MD
Christopher J. Bergin, MD
Craig Cummins, MD
Craig Phillips, MD
Craig S. Williams, MD
Craig Westin, MD
Daniel M. Dean, MD
David Beigler, MD
David Guelich, MD
David H. Garelick, MD
David Hamming, MD
David Hoffman, MD
David M. Anderson, MD
David Raab, MD
David Schneider, DO
Djuro Petkovic, MD
Douglas Diekevers, DPM
Douglas Solway, DPM
E. Quinn Regan, MD
Eddie Jones Jr., MD
Edward J. Logue, MD
Ellis K. Nam, MD
Eric Chehab, MD
Eric L. Lee, MD
Evan A. Dougherty, MD
Garo Emerzian, DPM
Gary Shapiro, MD
Giridhar Burra, MD
Gregory Brebach, MD
Gregory J. Fahrenbach, MD
Gregory Portland, MD
Harpreet S. Basran, MD
Holly L. Brockman, MD
Inbar Kirson, MD, FACOG, Diplomate ABOM
Jacob M. Babu, MD, MHA
Jalaal Shah, DO
James M. Hill, MD
James R. Bresch, MD
Jason G. Hurbanek, MD
Jason Ghodasra, MD
Jason J. Shrouder-Henry, MD
Jeffrey Ackerman, MD
Jeffrey Goldstein, MD
Jeffrey Staron, MD
Jeffrey Visotsky, MD
Jeremy Oryhon, MD
Jing Liang, MD
John H. Lyon, MD
Jonathan Erulkar, MD
Jordan L. Goldstein, MD
Josephine H. Mo, MD
Juan Santiago-Palma, MD
Justin Gent, MD
Justin M. LaReau, MD
Kellie Gates, MD
Kermit Muhammad, MD
Kevin Chen, MD
Kris Alden MD, PhD
Leah R. Urbanosky, MD
Leigh-Anne Tu, MD
Leon Benson, MD
Lori Siegel, MD
Lynn Gettleman Chehab, MD, MPH, Diplomate ABOM
Marc Angerame, MD
Marc Breslow, MD
Marc R. Fajardo, MD
Marie Kirincic, MD
Mark Gonzalez, MD
Mark Gross, MD
Mark Hamming, MD
Mark Mikhael, MD
Matthew L. Jimenez, MD
Mehul H. Garala, MD
Michael C. Durkin, MD
Michael Chiu, MD
Michael J. Corcoran, MD
Michael O'Rourke, MD
Nathan G. Wetters, MD
Nikhil K. Chokshi, MD
Paul L. Goodman, DPM, FACFAS, FAPWCA
Peter Hoepfner, MD
Peter Thadani, MD
Phillip Ludkowski, MD
Priyesh Patel, MD
Rajeev D. Puri, MD
Rhutav Parikh, MD
Richard J. Hayek, MD
Richard Noren, MD
Richard Sherman, MD
Ritesh Shah, MD
Robert J. Thorsness, MD
Roger Chams, MD
Ronak M. Patel, MD
Scott Jacobsen, DPM
Sean A. Sutphen, DO
Serafin DeLeon, MD
Shivani Batra, DO
Stanford Tack, MD
Steven C. Chudik, MD
Steven J. Fineberg, MD
Steven Jasonowicz, DPM
Steven M. Mardjetko, MD
Steven S. Louis, MD
Steven W. Miller, DPM
Surbhi Panchal, MD
T. Andrew Ehmke, DO
Taizoon Baxamusa, MD
Teresa Sosenko, MD
Theodore Fisher, MD
Thomas Gleason, MD
Timothy J. Friedrich, DPM
Todd R. Rimington, MD
Todd Simmons, MD
Tom Antkowiak, MD, MS
Tomas Nemickas, MD
Van Stamos, MD
Vidya Ramanavarapu, MD
Wayne M. Goldstein, MD
Wesley E. Choy, MD
William P. Mosenthal, MD
William Vitello, MD

What Is Hip Resurfacing Surgery, and What Are Its Advantages?

What is hip resurfacing? It’s a conservative artificial joint replacement, where the hip joint is relined instead of being completely replaced (as in total hip replacement).

Hip resurfacing surgery aims to provide a more active and improved quality of life. This is done by restoring functionality to the hip by replacing damaged bone and cartilage in the socket while preserving as much natural bone as possible.

Dr. Ritesh Shah helped Anthony get back to ice skating after hip replacement surgery.
Dr. Ritesh Shah, an expert in hip resurfacing

“With a hip resurfacing, I do not cut the femoral head off,” explains Dr. Shah, “Instead, I shape the femoral head to make it spherical and pegged. Then instead of a femoral stem in the thigh, I place a metal cap with a short peg on the retained femoral head and implant a metallic shell into the socket. While the socket side of the surgery is not too different, the femur side is drastically different. This means that there is less bone loss from the femur and a more anatomic and normally sized femoral head.”

Keep reading to learn more about who should have hip resurfacing and what patients should expect before, during, and after having the procedure.

Candidates for Hip Resurfacing

As with any procedure, your hip surgeon will inform you if you are a candidate for this procedure. However, many candidates for hip resurfacing tend to be under 60, with strong, healthy bones, as it leaves more bone intact.

Hip resurfacing surgery can address pain from mild to moderate osteoarthritis before significant bone damage has occurred.

Hip replacement surgery may not resolve referred pain from the back, poor circulation, or damaged nerves. So you should consider this type of joint surgery if:

  • You have tried all conservative treatments and not found success
  • You are experiencing debilitating and severe pain with loss of function.

What Is Hip Resurfacing: The Procedure

So, what is hip resurfacing, and what can you expect? Hip resurfacing surgery may be performed as an overnight procedure, and you may be walking within four hours after the surgery.

The surgery usually takes two to three hours of operating time and an additional hour in the recovery room after surgery. During the procedure, the surgeon will:

  1. Make an incision of approximately 20–30 centimeters over the outer edge of your hip joint.
  2. Remove the damaged bone surface only by about four or five millimeters from the head of the femur and approximately four or five millimeters from the socket (acetabulum).
  3. Replace the bone surface with a metal cover or shell.
  4. Close the surgical cut with sutures and at the skin with staples. (The staples must be removed a fortnight after surgery while the sutures will dissolve. The dressing is designed for compression and will stay in place for 48 hours.)

Advantages of Hip Resurfacing

Hip surgery has undergone enormous developments, and with a hip resurfacing procedure, there are many advantages compared to the traditional total hip replacement.

Ease of Revision

One of the main benefits of hip resurfacing is preserving the femoral neck and femoral canal, thus leaving the option open for a total hip replacement if needed in the future.

Hip resurfacing minimizes bone removal and uses a smaller implant so that the revision surgery can be performed like a standard hip replacement.

Smaller Device

Hip resurfacing uses a chrome cobalt and molybdenum combination device, smaller than a traditional total hip device. The smaller device helps the patient get back to mobility sooner with a rapid, postoperative rehab program.

Minimal Bone Removal

Hip resurfacing surgery removes less bone as it retreads the bone with a metal prosthesis instead of removing the entire ball of the ball and socket hip joint.

A metal cap is placed around the ball, where the cartilage has worn off, reducing the amount of bone removed.

Less Risk of Dislocation

In hip resurfacing, the bone around the implant supporting the metal cap remains healthy and strong.

The resurfaced ball is more similar in size to the natural femoral head, which reduces the risk of dislocation. There is greater stability of the hip joint from the hip resurfacing implant, resulting in a dramatic reduction of dislocation rates.

It also reduces the problem of leg-lengthening or shortening.

Shorter Recovery Time

Many hip resurfacing patients are back walking just four hours after surgery. The total time spent in the hospital is approximately one to two days. Most patients can get back to regular activities, like driving, within two or three weeks.

Hip Resurfacing Complications

There are risks involved with hip resurfacing, like any surgical procedure. You can discuss common complications with your physician and take specific measures to help avoid potential problems post-surgery.

Although rare, the most common complications of hip resurfacing are:

  • Leg vein blood clots
  • Infection
  • Injury to the nerves or blood vessels
  • Dislocation of the hip joint
  • Weakening or softening of the bone causing collapse or fracture of the femoral neck

Get Relief From Your Hip Pain Today

Hip Care and Treatment at IBJI

Whether you are just starting your hip care journey or need a second opinion for your hip pain, IBJI’s hip surgeons are here to help provide you with the necessary care for your ailment. Get the relief you are seeking with the help of IBJI.

Request an appointment with an IBJI hip surgeon to discuss treatment options like arthroscopic hip surgery and create an individualized approach to your care.

Check out IBJI’s additional online resources for hip care to learn more about conditions and read patient testimonials.

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Last updated in April 2022.

*This blog post is for general information and educational purposes only regarding musculoskeletal conditions. The information provided doesn’t constitute the practice of medicine or other healthcare professional services, including giving medical advice, and no doctor-patient relationship is formed. Readers with musculoskeletal conditions should seek the advice of their healthcare professionals without delay for any condition they have. The use of the information is at the reader’s own risk. The content isn’t intended to replace your treating healthcare professional’s diagnosis, treatment, or medical advice.

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