When you injure your anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, the patellar tendon graft technique is a procedure to repair the tear. The ligament is located in the center of the knee and helps anchor the femur to the tibia. A successful ACL reconstruction surgery will allow you to regain normal knee function.
The surgeon will create a small incision in front of the knee while the patient is under anesthesia. This incision will expose the patellar tendon – the thick tissue attached to the kneecap – so the surgeon can remove portions of the tendon and bone to replace the damaged ACL. This removal and transplantation of tissue is referred to as a “graft.”
The surgeon will again create a series of small openings in your skin around the knee. An arthroscope will then be placed through one of the openings to see inside of the knee – additional instruments may be inserted into the other openings. Next, the damaged ACL will be removed after a hole is drilled through the tibia and femur to insert the graft. The new ligament will be anchored down for a successful surgery. New tissue will grow along the graft to further strengthen the joint.
Once the new ligament is securely placed, the incisions made in the skin are closed and the knee will be sealed with a bandage. The patient may be placed in a brace or splint with a doctor monitoring their condition before discharge from the hospital.
The patellar tendon graft technique is one of the many ways our dedicated surgeons approach ACL reconstruction. Contact your local Illinois Bone & Joint Institute office to schedule an appointment and discuss your ACL repair today.