Corns and calluses are patches of rough, thick skin. They often form on the feet because of repeated pressure or unnatural friction from shoes that don’t fit properly. Corns and calluses are similar due to the way the body reacts to protect the skin, however they are two entirely different conditions.
A corn is a small bump, often shaped like a cone, with a hard center. Corns form from the pressure when a bone presses against the skin. They’re often found on the tops, sides, or in between the toes as well as the balls of the feet. A corn may be painful when you press against it, causing the skin around it to feel inflamed and tender.
A callus is often much larger than a corn, but the edges of the foot condition aren’t as well defined. Calluses are caused by repeated friction against your skin and are often found on the soles of the feet. They typically don’t cause any pain.
Treatment options for corns and calluses usually involve trimming or removing the thickened skin and then protecting the area so they don’t return. Pads and custom shoe inserts can help prevent future growths. Your healthcare provider can create a plan that’s right for you.
Corns and calluses can develop into a bothersome problem that may affect your day-to-day mobility. Contact an Illinois Bone & Joint Institute location near you to meet with our orthopedic specialists for custom orthotics and relief from your foot condition.