Artificial replacements of the finger joint are typically made from an implant consisting of silicone rubber, hard metal, ceramic or pyrocarbon. This technique is utilized to replace the middle joint of the finger (PIP) or the finger’s base joint (MCP). Patients will receive regional or local anesthesia before the hand surgery, or replacement process, begins.
After the administration of anesthesia, the hand is cleansed to prevent infection. The surgeon will then position the hand so he or she can access the back of the fingers.
An incision will be made along the back of the joint in need of replacement. In the event that multiple finger joints need replacing, an incision can be made across every joint as soft tissues are spread back to expose the joint.
The surgeon will remove the damaged bone and buff the surfaces for the artificial joint to securely fit in place.
Both ends of the implant will be inserted into the bone and the soft tissues will be repaired to stabilize the new joint.
The hand will receive stitches to close the incision with a bandage wrapped around the sutures. Patients may also be given a splint to protect the joint during the healing process. Physical therapy of the hand will be required as part of the post-surgical procedure.
Your hands are needed for just about every action you perform on a daily basis. No matter if you’re at work, school or somewhere in between, we all rely on our hands for the most basic of functions. Contact a local Illinois Bone & Joint Institute location to correct any finger joint issues you may have.